zegel-marres 1701


No one


FGC6629 / FGC6634


zegel mares


FGC6664 - BY220097


G-M201 G-PF3147 G-FGC6669 G-FGC6618 G-FGC6634 G-L91


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The Family Y-DNA clade

Four centuries have passed since the split into two branches. We are now fourteen generations in both lines. Two to four SNPs are then expected. No new SNPs were found in the Marres branch. In contrast, in the Mares branch, FTDNA found at Guus and André Mares: FGC6664 and BY220097.

FGC6664 - BY220097



Autosomal DNA is the total DNA of all chromosomes and comes from all ancestors. It gives a picture of the origin of the joint ancestry. (7)

B.M. K36 Ancestry Report Geografcal 2018-800

With the mouse on the map there is an enlargement and green dot on Maastricht.

My genome has common genes with mainly West Germans, starting with the people of Hessen and Baden-Württemberg, then mainly South Germany and Switzerland, followed by the Walloons, Northern French, Lorraine, Flemings and finally Englishmen from the South-East.

In the first millennium of our era and perhaps even before, many peoples went from East to West Europe. And many residents of what is now the Netherlands, Belgium, Westphalia and Saxony went on to Great Britain. Many of course also lagged behind.

My ancestors came all from regions more southerly than Maastricht. Striking is the lower share of Limburgers. Brabanders are poorly represented and the other Dutch are hardly there. When many use their genome for research in this way, this will make European migration history more clear.



This is a group of geneticists who carry out the autosomatic tests for the large companies. They searched for origins from thousands of years ago with the original inhabitants of Eurasia.

The oldest are the Altaic natives who stayed here on the tundra during the ice ages. After the ice ages around 10,000 years ago the hunter-gathererers who repopulated the European mainland from their refugia on the Mediterranean. The Neolithic farmers came from Anatolia 7,000 thousand years ago, and the Corded ware people Iron Age people arrived from the Caucasus 5000 years ago. The Huns also have some left traces.

Etnische herkomst B. Marres, Bron: GedMatch


Gedmatch compared our family DNA with archaeological remains of hunter-gatherers and the first European Neolithic farmers. Below is a figure with the results in order of the established relationship with whom we share at least one CentiMorgan, a measure of kinship. (8)

In archaeogenetics, 1 cM is the lower limit for kinship. The higher this number is, the greater the kinship, so with more and thicker lines.

In the table below we are the most related to two Neolithic persons who lived 7200 and 3200 years ago in what is now Hungary. They are closely followed by a 7000-year-old discovery from Stuttgart, then a Luxemburger from 8000 years ago. Then a 45,000 year old find from Siberia and a North American Indian from 12,000 years back. His ancestors must not have crossed the Beringbridge not long before that time.

Striking is the large genetic distance to English, Scandinavians and Spaniards Here we seem to have hardly any common ancestors. The least we are related to a Brit - at the very bottom - with whom we share segments of 1 or 2 cM in five places.



Neanderthal genes

A nice test is the presence of Neanderthal genes. Our quantity is estimated, depending on the testing laboratory, between 2.8% and 4.8%, of which about 2/3 come from Neanderthals and 1/3 from another pre-modern human species, the Denisovans.

schedels noderne mens en Neanderthaler

Two Skulls, one of a modern man and one of a Neanderthal in Museum of Natural History in Cleveland.
I applied the bimaxillary prognathism to the Neanderthal.
When the mouse is on the picture you will see the original image (9)


The family DNA Marres

At the International Congress for
Genealogical and Heraldic Sciences
held in Maastricht in September 2012

At this Congress Dr. W. Penninx pronounced the opening lecture. He discussed the variants in the Y-DNA of the various branches of the Marres family and how small mutations in the Y-DNA can show near and distant family relationships, which is impossible to do with only genealogical and historical research.

He shows familial relationships that go back to the Middle Ages and even to the Neolithic. The results of the DNA tests in the Marres family serve as an example.

The motivation for launching the genetic study was our goal the expected but not yet proven genealogical relationship between the Dutch Marres and Mares families, if not to prove then at least with a maximum of security to make plausible.

Genetic Variation in the Netherlands in the Last 2000 Years-a

Genetic Variation in the Last 2000 Years

It has always been assumed that the Maastricht families Marres and Mares were two branches of one family. We were able to demonstrate this relationship with DNA research.

When this goal was achieved, we used the genetic knowledge built up by this to find out our family history until prehistoric times. With the collected facts we hope to contribute not only to the national history of our country but also to the European and world history.

Many publications have appeared in the genealogical and heraldic magazines about the Marres family. In one of them, De Nederlandsche Leeuw of 1990, the common origin of the Marres and Mares family has been made plausible. (10)

The rise of the DNA research in this century offered a wonderful method to prove the supposed relationship. Four men from the Marres and Mares families participated in this genetic family research and did DNA tests: Boed and Gilbert Marres, and André and (the late) Guus Mares and participated in several projects. (11)

Writer: E.C.W.L. (Boed) Marres, Amsterdam

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