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G - FGC6669

Gallia Belgica

The Fertile Crescent

Nederlandse vlag
Er is een Nederlandse versie
Belgische vlag


The history of subgroup G2a2a1a1 - FGC6669

Cappadocia, Central Anatolia, Turkey

In Anatolia in the pre-ceramic Neolithic Boncuklu are found the oldest archaeologic remains of this clade dated 10,300 BP.

Remains from members of our father clade G-PF3147 who lived in the later Pottery Neolithic in Tepecik-Çiftlik are dated 8,500 BP. (1)

Our ancestor who was the founder of FGC6669 lived 11,000 years ago in this region. He was the son of an PF3177 man.





About 9800 ago the first cultivated grain appears "Emmer wheat". The archaeological-botanical remains of Boncuklu Höyük in west Anatolia, of Çatal Höyük in southern Anatolia and Chogha Golan in the Zagros Mountains of western Iran are the oldest examples of real agricultural cultures.

A strong climate change occurred 8,500 years ago and this resulted in a sustained dry period in the Middle East, the still continuing drought. The country attenuates. Agriculture that has led to a large population languishes.

Leaving the Region

As a result of population pressure and lack of food the G People leaved the region and spread in all directions, to Pakistan, to the Caucasus and westward to Europe. They brought the farming culture in Europe and Asia.


Diffusion of farming through Europa.

A number of G farmers lived around 8000 ybp, 6000 BC around the Aegean see and came from there to Europe in two somehow different groups.

One great group spread along the Danube into Western Europe. They appear to have been the first farmers in Europe and cultivated wheat and barley, used pottery for storage. These pots had a characteristic ornamentation, called the Linear Band Culture, abbreviated LBK.

A second group went along the northern coast of the Mediterranean and populated places like Sardinia, southern Italy, Spain and France. They are known by the Cardium potterie culture.

It looks that the FGC6669 group stayed in the region. After a thousand year there is one descendant FGC6669* (The asterisk signifies that this is a terminal branch) whose offspring now lives on the Italian Mediterranean Island Sardinia. Our branch continues as FGC6663.

The Hesbaye, the rich agriculture region with Loess grounds Southwest of Maastricht, is here the round brown area beneath Holland. This brown color tells us this region became inhabited by G people 5800 - 5300 years BCE, so 7800 - 7200 years before now.



This clade lived in Anatolia we assume around the Aegean See during about 2500 years. From them no descendants are known, nor in archaeological finds, nor in the present people.

Till between 7,500 and 7,000 BP (with 95% certainty between 8,600 and 5,900 BP)
G-FGC6663 divides in the two sons of one man into two branches: M286 and FGC6634. (4)



This group is follows here under.


This group is described below.



The branch M286 surely stayed in the middle East. Nowadays there still live descendants in western Turkey, Lebanon, Cyprus and Armenia. But nowadays they live also in France , Germany en alt least 5 family lines live in South England.

In this clade originated 3,300 years ago, two head branches, a mixed Lebanese / English group, and several families in a purely British group.



A mixed Lebanese / English group


Two English family groups

It is still dark to us how it went. When he stayed in the original region. He was probably an Aegean farmer, an inhabitant of Troy and have fought under Patroclos against the Achaeans.

More east was the empire of the Hatti to about 4,000 years ago existed. Their language was akin to the ancient Caucasian languages. Çatalhöyük was in part of the region and was about 185 km south of their capital of Hattusa.

Hattusa is around 1700 v. Chr. under the authority of a Hittite dynasty, who a short time before had founded the first Hittite kingdom.

Hittite Empire

The extensive Hittite Empire (red) replaces around 1290 AC Hatti and borders the Egyptian empire (green) (2)

The empire of the Hittite dynasty existed between about 1700 and 1200 BC. Then the whole eastern Mediterranean was brought in great turmoil by attacks of the Sea People, as they were called in Egyptian papyri. Many cities on the coasts and on islands such as Cyprus, were destroyed or abandoned. The Hittite Empire then split into separate states. (3)

G-FGC6669 tree

The Timeline of G-FGC6669


Here we present the matching groups

Note: These are based on the haplotype with STRs.
The TMRCA is only indicative in the green squares, and probably more in the yellow ones. In the red and bleu ones it may be the double to quadruple and in the whites even to op to 10 times more then indicated.
This is due to convergence, what means reverse and parallel mutations.

M286_GD M286_TMRCA
Europa Google Earth-G2a2a2a

(cursor on image enlarges)

The FGC6669* man is pointed in a blue dot.
The FGC6618 group has yellow dots.
The M286 group has red dots.



The question for us to find out how FGC6618 came to the Benelux. Was the split from M286 early then they could have come as LBK people from Hungary along the Danube and Rhine to the fertile lössgrounds of the Heshaye.

Was the split on the other hand late then they were in the southern group. They became later citizens of the Roman empire and could have come as legionaries or merchants , who knows over sea, to the valley of the Meuse. This group has its own page


On this site treated G - Subgroups


Auteur: Boed Marres, Amsterdam,

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