From: Geschiedenis en Kunst - Woord- en beeldende kunst op het net, b.van den Ende - Phoeniciers_Geschiedenis en kunst


G - FGC6669

Gallia Belgica

The Fertile Crescent

Nederlandse vlag
Er is een Nederlandse versie
Belgische vlag


The history of subgroup G2a2a1a1 - FGC6669
Cappadocia, Central Anatolia, Turkey

FGC6669 sprang from PF3177 10,800 years BP

In this region are found the oldest archaeologic remains of this clade in the pre-ceramic Neolithic Boncuklu dated 10,300 BP. G-PF3147 remains of the Pottery Neolithic are found in Tepecik-Çiftlik dated 8,500 BP. (1)

Our forefather the founder of FGC6669 lived 11,000 BP lived very probably in this region.





Round 9,600 BP arose a collateral branch whereof now descendants live on the Italian Mediterranean Island Sardinia.

A strong climate change occurred 8,500 years ago and this resulted in a sustained dry period in the Middle East, the still continuing drought. The country attenuates. Agriculture that has led to a large population languishes. As a result of population pressure and lack of food The G People leaved the region and pull away in all directions, to Pakistan, to the Caucasus and westward to Europe. They spread the farming culture in Europe and Asia.

They came around 8000 year across the Aegean see and came in Europe in two different groups.

One group spread along the Danube into Western Europe. They appear to have been the first farmers in Europe and cultivated wheat and barley, used pottery for storage. These pots had a characteristic ornamentation, called the Linear Band Culture, abbreviated LBK.

A second group went along the northern coast of the Mediterranean and populated places like Sardinia, southern Italy, Spain and France. They are known by the Cardium potterie culture.

Europe-diffusion-farming-Eupedia_europe_ G.G2a

Diffusion of farming through Europa.

The split between M286 and FGC6634 is calculated between 7.350 and 7.200 BP (with 95% certainty between 8.600 and 5.900 BP).

The Hesbaye, the rich agriculture region with Loess grounds Southwest of Maastricht, is here the round brown area beneath Holland. This brown color tells us this region became inhabited by G people 5800 - 5300 years BCE, so 7.800 - 7.200 years before now.

The question for us to find out in witch group the FGC6634 Benelux group was. Was the split early then they cold have come as LBK people from Hungary along the Danube and Rhine to here. Was the split on the other hand late then they were in the souhern group that went along the coasts of the Mediterranean to the valley of the Rhône and then went North to the Meuse, to the present residences.

The branch M286 has members who are still living in the middle Eastern Mediterranean, in western Turkey, Lebanon, Cyprus. But there are also 5 family lines with ancestry in South England. To them all applies the same story.

It is still dark to us how it went. When he stayed in the original region. He was probably an Aegean farmer, an inhabitant of Troy and have fought under Patraclos against the Achaeans.

More east was the empire of the Hatti to about 4,000 years ago existed. Their language was akin to the ancient Caucasian languages. Çatalhöyük was in part of the region and was about 185 km south of their capital of Hattusa.

Hattusa is around 1700 v. Chr. under the authority of a Hittite dynasty, who a short time before had founded the first Hittite kingdom.

Hittite Empire

The extensive Hittite Empire (red) replaces around 1290 AC Hatti and borders the Egyptian empire (green) (2)

The empire of the Hittite dynasty existed between about 1700 and 1200 BC. Then the whole eastern Mediterranean was brought in great turmoil by attacks of the Sea People, as they were called in Egyptian papyri. Many cities on the coasts and on islands such as Cyprus, were destroyed or abandoned. The Hittite Empire then split into separate states. (3)

G-FGC6669 tree

The Timeline of G-FGC6669

Europa Google Earth-G2a2a2a

(cursor on image enlarges)

The FGC6669* man is pointed in bleu dot. The M286 group has red dots. The FGC6634 group has three yellow dots in the Southern Netherlands.


Over a thousand years after 9.600 BP a side brach split off, wheroff one descendant is now living on th Mediterranean Italian Island Sardina. He is FGC6669*. We went further as FGC6663.

FGC6663 branched 7,800 ybp into two (4)







Members live in Turkey, Cyprus, Lebanon, Armenia, France, Germany and Britain.

This clade had an offshoot:

G2a2a1a1a~ FGC58127

The age of this group is about 4.000 years or some centuries more. (5)

In this clade are formed three subgroups. The others are still stand alones.

G2a2a1a1a1~ FGC58118
Several English families.

G2a2a1a1a2~ FGC59473
A Lebanon family.

G2a2a1a1a3~ Z43080
Several English families.


Here we present the matching groups

Note: These are based on the haplotype with STRs.
The TMRCA is only indicative in the green squares, and probably more in the yellow ones. In the red and bleu ones it may be the double to quadruple and in the whites even to op to 10 times more then indicated.
This is due to convergence, what means reverse and parallel mutations.

M286_GD M286_TMRCA


On this site treated G - Subgroups


Auteur: Boed Marres, Amsterdam,

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